The name Khonoma is derived from an aromatic plant locally called “Khwüno” (Glouthera Fragrantissima) which grew abundantly in the area when the first settlers arrived. Khonoma was traditionally known for its fighting prowess and it provided protection to many villages in the surrounding areas and beyond. It was also in Khonoma that the last Anglo-Naga war (started in 1832) was fought in 1879-80 in the western Naga areas. Khonoma warriors, with their supporters, also nearly overran the British in Kohima. Indeed, Khonoma and neighbouring Mezoma played not an insignificant role in the British coming to the Naga Hills in the first place and which was later to prove crucial in turning back the Japanese invasion during World War 11. Later, following British departure from India, Khonoma became known as the home of Naga Nationalism.Culturally, Khonoma was deeply rooted in traditions and often conservative but this also provided a kind of anchor, to itself and others, as the village did not easily falter or change where their beliefs were concerned. Lying about 20 kms west of Kohima, Khonoma is well-known for its knowledge systems in agriculture, conservation methods, stone works, cane works, handloom and handicrafts, and knowledge in herbal and ethno medicines. In 2003-2004, Khonoma became the first Green Village in India.Besides the above, Khonoma provides spectacular sights. Its hills and peaks, terraced paddy fields, waterfalls, orchids etc. are sights to behold. Its forests contain rare and endangered species of animals and birds. The Blythe’s Tragopan Bird, the Mithun, Rainbow Trout are examples. There are at least 500 species of herbal medicinal species and the people are well-versed in ethno-medicinal practices.In recent times, Khonoma has become a must see village for visiting dignitaries and tourists.